It happens from time to time that the content of two files should be compared to find out the differences between the files. This content-related comparison of files can be carried out with numerous third-party tools, but Microsoft has always supplied the tool
with out. It is a ” FileCompare ” tool which is used at the command line level and which has numerous parameters. You can view the help for the file comparison tool FC by clicking on the following call.
Microsoft describes this Windows tool as follows:
Compares two files or two sets of files and shows the differences between them.
The following parameters are available with the FC Tool .
|FC parameters||FC Description of the parameter|
|/ A|| Displays only the first and last lines of each set of
|/ B||Performs a binary comparison.|
|/ C||Compares case-insensitive.|
|/ L||Compares files as ASCII text files.|
|/ LBn|| Sets the maximum number of successive, different
lines to the specified number n.
|/ N||Displays the line numbers in an ASCII comparison.|
|/OFFLINE]||Does not skip offline files.|
|/ T||Doesn’t expand tab characters to spaces.|
|/ U||Compares files as UNICODE text files.|
|/ W||Compresses tabs and spaces for the comparison process.|
|/ nnnn|| Number of consecutive lines that
must match again after a difference .
The “FC” tool from Windows is ideal for evaluating differences between text files , source codes or binary files .
In order to compare the content of 2 text files, for example, the following call is necessary.
FC “Path Filename1” “Path Filename2”
In practice, this looks like this:
In this example, we have copied part of the text of this article into two text files and made a small adjustment to the content. FC then outputs a section of the text files where the difference between the files can be seen. We have this for you through the arrowhead
Compare binary files
Of course, this also works with normal binary files, regardless of whether they are images, program files or videos. When comparing binary files , the parameter “/ B” must be added, the command is then
FC “Path Filename1” “Path Filename2” / B
Here you can see how we compared 2 JPG image files . We had to change 3 bytes, and only these changes in the 100KB large file are then used as file difference output.
If the changes to the files to be compared are very extensive, the output in the command prompt is very cumbersome to edit. Then you should redirect the output to a text file , which you can then edit and evaluate.
The FC FileCompare redirection to a file then works with the following command:
FC “Path Filename1” “Path Filename2”> “Path Output File”
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